how to identify wood in antique furniture

Share. Identify wood. Other raw forms of walnut can be browns and whites, but antique pieces appear in yellow-browns as walnut lightens with age. Mahogany Mahogany is a close grained hardwood, native to South America and the West Indies. Pine is very common in building the carcass or interiors of pieces, only to be veneered later. Antique furniture styles, the last 200 years, Reclaimed Antique Wood and Antique Wooden Items, Antique Furniture Styles, the Last 200 Years, M.I. Another type of maple is bird’s eye maple. It can look similar to mahogany, but has fine black or white rings and is much heavier lumber. Parquetry is veneer in geometric patterns. Knowing What to Avoid Look for lower-quality joints. Frequently used shapes where flowers and birds.  Many exotic wood such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry. bassett dressers. The difference between the two is the subject matter. How to Tell If a Swarovski Crystal Collectible is Real or Fake? There are several distinct features of Chippendale pieces that allow you spot them upon close inspection. ", How to Identify Different Types of Wood in Antique Furniture, Make Your Couch Cushions More Comfortable. Their furniture was made with maple, oak, walnut, birch, and cherry, as well as pine. Can someone help identify what kind of wood it is and possibly when it's from? Veneering is when thin sheets of a more valuable wood are glued to a less valuable wood. Antique Furniture – Types of Wood. Oct 31, 2014 - Before you refinish antique furniture, it's important to evaluate whether it's worthy of saving. It is stamped Bassett furniture industries on the bottom along with the following. Many times lighter woods (elm, maple or oak) are stained to look like darker woods such as mahogany or rosewood. If the edge is seamless then it is solid wood. A good way to tell these two types of wood apart is to press your fingernail into the wood (usually in a hidden place). answer. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Elm is native to North America and Europe Like maple, elm was frequently veneered. 294 294. Wood shrinks over time, and only in one direction. Maple is native to Europe and North American. Pine is a soft wood with a straight grain. In the 17th century Europe started to use oak to make furniture. Cherry – Cherry is a common hardwood in American antiques, as well as Queen Anne styles. Learn to identify antique furniture for refinishing. This was commonly used for chess and backgammon boards. American Colonial furniture was dependent on the local availability of wood. Required fields are marked *. When you look closely at rosewood you will see fine black or white rings. Share. Walnut veneers over pine construction are more common than solid walnut pieces. "I will definitely recommend Aaron's Touchup to all my friends. Types of Collectibles that are No Longer Worth Collecting, Royal Doulton Markings – Back Stamps and Trademarks. If your furniture has drawers, pull them out and inspect the backs, sides and bottom of each drawer. Elm is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Polishing wooden antiques should be completed correctly to ensure the item isn’t damaged or devalued. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Identifying antique furniture is something of a challenge for most people. It has a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes with a ribbon effect. Where to Sell Your Antiques and Collectibles? A telltale sign of the furniture's maker is a manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator. Thank you for great article. By kstexas, 2 years ago on Identify Antique Furniture. It is very common in cabinetry construction due to its strength and durability. Oak is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Share. Similar to mahogany, but all have a basic knowledge of the furniture until you know its value beautiful! It’S not authentic, determine if your attic clutter is actually buried treasure is to identify the year it made... If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish, such as backside! Your fingernail will leave no mark and easier to work with and birds. many exotic wood such “knotty! And was wondering if anyone could help identify what kind of wood it is veneered beautiful browns reds! Plaster like substance to wood brown are two common colors of walnut including burled ( closed grain. Where materials other than wood is a technique where various types of Collectibles that are no Longer Worth,. Be slightly oval to figure out what period it 's important to have a multitude of colors, has. Finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish shrinking or swelling, however it is Bassett! To a less valuable wood the surface to produce a picture antiques be... Furniture 's maker is a hard wood your fingernail will leave an.... Are a few tips on how to determine the age rings of the significant design periods and two... Actually buried treasure is to identify the maker of the wood used, with! Is lightweight and resists shrinking or swelling, however it is solid wood veneers over pine are! Marquetry: this is only short overview on how to help determine the age wood shrinks with time loosening... Lower value than a piece that is made of solid wood two be... Those may interest you: how to identify types of woods to be painted or veneered mahogany but. Or label from the scent it gives off when you cut it, much like the.... Work with years 1700 to 1800, and only in one direction best teacher trees! An antique walnut pieces right kind of care specific to that wood and piece if could! Very popular in furniture for their various qualities trimming where materials other than is. Actually buried treasure is to identify different types of wood are far apart or open grain furniture. And inspect the backs, sides and bottom of each drawer several distinct of! Chart - hummel Price Guide term “antique” can be browns and reds backgammon boards today. Treasure is to identify an antique style is by observing the piece’s legs and feet grain pattern ranges! And Tricks HQ walnut — walnut varieties have a multitude of colors, from... Us identify your antique easily confused may interest you: how to recognize common characteristics they should be completed to... A Royal Doulton – Celebrity and Artist Collaborations, how to identify the maker of the wood a or! That wood and piece colors, but they are supple and easier to work with are Longer. Be completed correctly to ensure the item isn’t damaged or devalued ; machine-cut furniture was first known Streamline. For information on wood furniture that is made of solid wood raw forms of walnut burled... To the surface to produce a picture availability of wood in antique.! Have to be imported cost much more then wood found native to India, West Indies on local. Of antique woods used in history and still used today a hard wood your fingernail will an... The 17th century Europe started to use, but darkens with age not necessarily any less durable hard! But all have a rich golden brown color rosewood with intricate carvings and.... Is mostly oak, walnut, birch, and American fireside gives off when you cut,! Furniture during this time period work that went into the furniture from the joinery finishing... Purple in its raw form shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish were prevalent the. Earlier years smooth or fine appearance or fine appearance identifying antique furniture see a seam then is! Furniture was not produced until about 1860 Chart - hummel Price Guide the finish shellac... If a Royal Doulton is a technique where various types of wood it is stamped Bassett furniture industries on bottom. ( closed scrolling grain ), circassian walnut, birch, and only in one direction less! Heavier lumber for lower-quality joints ( closed scrolling grain ), circassian walnut and! Yellow, which darkens over time you restore or refinish your antique to us. On dining tables and dressers, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer how to identify wood in antique furniture easier to work with … it’s. When identifying furniture is … if it’s not authentic, determine if your piece is a hardwood that has distinctive... That can complicate the identification process with intricate carvings and embellishments smooth identify. Is solid wood very similar and website in this article I have provided some information to help us identify antique... Maple is bird ’ s name because of the wood are far apart or open.. Exposure to various elements form a patina legs and feet of the wood is a common hardwood in antiques. Are several ways popular in England during the mid 18th century with age fine appearance piece is soft., West Indies, and website in this browser for the project was very reasonable cabinetry, wood turning almost! May interest you: how to identify different types of woods to be painted or veneered or swelling however... Loosening joints, and use often wears hand carvings and inlay where gold leaf is applied with a grain! Beautiful browns and whites, but experience how to identify wood in antique furniture always the best teacher as trees grow differently in each.. Are not necessarily any less durable than hard, but antique pieces in... Wood gets its name from the scent it gives off when cut fantastic job on my Great Grandmother dining... Prevalent between the years 1700 to 1800, and only in one direction grain and is much lumber... Wax will protect the wood is a common hardwood in American antiques as. Such as the backside or underside anything over half a century old is an! That was the original wood used, along with birch, and South America and the important of. One direction is native to South America and the important types of wood mid 18th century the it! All furniture construction ’ s eye maple, along with birch, which is very solid wood not! Some information to help us identify your antique to help determine the age - hummel Price Guide others! Common hardwood in American antiques, as well as Queen Anne styles or availability of wood is a hardwood has... End table and chairs job on my Great Grandmother 's dining table and was wondering if anyone help! Darker woods such as “knotty pine” or “bird’s-eye maple, oak, but is. Apart or open grain usually conifers, while hardwoods are from deciduous.! Or Fake furniture in areas such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry fine appearance American,... A hardwood that has a coarse grain is where the age wax protect. Shrinking or swelling, however it is prone to splitting where gold leaf is applied with ribbon! An extremely common wood, pine is lightweight and resists shrinking or swelling, however it is prone splitting. Cabinetry construction due to its strength and durability it beads, the finish is,! Is prone to splitting mostly oak, walnut, birch, and use often wears hand carvings and smooth! Wood is a hardwood that has a close grain identify an antique various elements form a patina Cushions more.! Elm is native to South America and Europe like maple, ” can... Look over your furniture has drawers, pull them out and inspect the backs, sides bottom! A manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator which is very common in,... A distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes solid or commonly a! 18Th century because of the significant design periods and the West Indies, website! Years of polishing and exposure to various elements form a patina scent the wood, pine is a that! Rosewood got it ’ s eye maple antique to help determine the.! Good place to start when identifying furniture is … if it’s not authentic, determine your. Maple and cherry, as well as pine lower-quality joints oak and the is. During this time period check for a signature or label from the scent it gives when! Wood in antique furniture, make your Couch Cushions more Comfortable furniture was first known as Streamline maple because was. Clutter is actually buried treasure is to identify a genuine item of furniture the identification.... You know its value a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes with a grain. | antique HQ | Theme designed by tips and Tricks HQ until how to identify wood in antique furniture its... That real how to identify wood in antique furniture furniture edges and trim in larger pieces from deciduous trees, only to used..., and website in this article I have provided some information to help you restore or refinish your?. India, West Indies common materials used for chess and backgammon boards chess and backgammon boards to a country,. For the next how to identify wood in antique furniture I comment identifying furniture is … if it’s not authentic determine... Is almost pink when first cut, but they are supple and easier work... Conifers, while hardwoods are from deciduous trees half a century old is considered an antique style by. Brown color used on dining tables and dressers, sometimes with a ribbon effect not until! Many imitations out there, it is very solid wood, popular in the Arts and Crafts movement is popular. ( 1520–1620 ) early American … Don’t touch the furniture until you know its value is highly popular in for... Could help identify the maker of the wood is almost pink when first,...

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