infinitive phrases examples

Sleeping through the night is difficult for me. Example: An infinitive … An infinitive phrase is a group of words that uses an infinitive (“to” + verb). Example 1. When the Infinitive is thus used it is called the Simple – infinitive or the Noun – Infinitive. Verbals are verbs that act as another part of speech, and verbal phrases contain both verbals and modifiers. This: is: the right thing: to do. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. 2. An infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, modifier and complement. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. ", would we then have to classify this as past tense or infinitive structure? To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. Here's an example of an infinitive with a direct object: to bake cookies. For example, survey the sentence below. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase “to help you understand fairy tales.” Now, we know it’s not just a book. [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. For example: He helped (to) move the car. Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. Examples of infinitive phrases: She plans to write a novel. Here the infinitive phrase “to join” is the subject of the sentence. Examples To walk to the store. To meditate after a stressful day. That is, it’s not showing action. Infinitive phrases include infinitives. B. He is the next to get his passport. Here are three more examples: Infinitives are great additives to our everyday language. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. I tried to see the stage, but I was too short. The direct object answers the "what" of the action verb. Noun phrase + TO-infinitive. Infinitive Phrase. That: is: a dangerous way: to behave. An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. Here are some examples: To make lemonade, you have to start with lemons. To arrive on time, Hari took the metro. Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase acts like an adjective in a sentence, it describes a noun or a pronoun. Here’s an example: To dance beneath the stars with her is Jared’s only goal. It’s Jared’s only goal. Here are some examples: When an infinitive phrase works like an adverb, it modifies the verb in a sentence. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. He really needs to get his priorities in order. Infinitive phrases may have their own subjects. As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. Such as in this example of infinitive, to eat. So together, a gerund phrase can also act as a subject, object, or complement, while adding more details to the sentence. What are verbals and verbal phrases? Here’s an example: Collum likes to meditate after a stressful day. Phrases and clauses. This is the pattern: Infinitive + Object(s) and/or Modifier(s) Here are examples: To slurp spaghetti. This is an indication that the infinitive acts as a noun in this example. 2. 10 examples of gerund sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … #2: The infinitive phrase will end at the next punctuation mark or main verb. Real sentences showing how to use Infinitive correctly. The word TO is part of an infinitive if a verb follows it. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. Subjects of a sentence are always nouns or pronouns. The whole phrase together is acting as a noun (the direct object of love), but you may have noticed that in lakes is an adverbial prepositional phrase.It is telling us where you like to swim.. Examples of gerund phrases for each group are given below: Subject Examples. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. (Peter war der letzte, der den Film sah.) An infinitive phrase starts with an infinitive and includes other modifiers or objects. What are the infinitive phrases in the following examples? Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases EXERCISE Underline the infinitive or infinitive phrase in each sentence. Double check the rest of your grammar skills and see if you’re already familiar with these five grammar hacks that will improve your grammar. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. See examples of Infinitive in English. When used as a subject or direct object in a sentence, an infinitive phrase acts as a noun. The baby needed to eat. An infinitive expresses __________ in a sentence. The best method to fix the car is to take it to the shop. What is an infinitive? For example, “ShuYi always brings a book to read.” As an adverb, they’ll modify verbs, other adjectives, or other adverbs. 1. 1. An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … These verbals are important in phrases. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. #1: Ask what/where after the infinitive to locate the rest of the phrase. It's a book that details fairy tales. You may also like fraction worksheets examples. Example sentences are laid out in this study to help you understand infinitive phrases. The to-infinitive with adverbs. 2. You guessed it. Examples of Gerund Phrases. Josh agreed to bring me some food. Example 1. Infinitive phrases begin with the infinitive and include objects or modifiers. I intend to start playing tennis. Our decision to close the firm was a difficult one to make. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: The next section explains what makes infinitive phrases. In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective because it modifies the noun, you. Like infinitives themselves, infinitive phrases can act in three different capacities: As a noun, an infinitive phrase will either appear as the subject of the sentence or the direct object. https://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/infinitive_phrase.htm To plant a garden 2. Both the complementary infinitive and the infinitive of purpose may be regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the verb. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. Not everyone can define an infinitive phrase off the top of their head. 2. Infinitive: active or passive? Examples: (1) As a subject: To jog in the park is what I … Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb. 1. 2. Like all phrases, it doesn’t contain the subject-verb combination that forms a clause. For example, “Katherine braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog.”. Infinitive phrases begin with an infinitive, and sometimes include modifiers and/or objects that make the phrase more descriptive. An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive together with its complements and modifiers. 3. Learn about each type of infinitive. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. An infinitive act as an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun in a sentence. Here are some examples of objects in infinitive phrases: A modifier is an adjective or adverb that alters other words in a sentence, making it more descriptive. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). Infinitive phrases often include modifiers; here are some examples: Infinitive phrases are always easy to spot because they begin with “to.” In a sentence, they can work like nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). Then, the sentence completes itself with the linking verb “is” and the subject complement, or the added information about the subject, “titled Once Upon a Time.” Here are three more examples: Finally, we have our friend, the adverb. Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. I told the dog to run home quickly 4. Here are some examples: To make lemonade, you have to start with lemons. But, they can also provide further information about adjectives and other adverbs. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached. Certain French verbs are followed directly by the infinitive, while others require a preposition before the infinitive. Look at the prepositional phrases underlined here: Each of these examples is the word “to” plus a noun, not a verb. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase \"to help you understand fairy tales.\" Now, we know it's not just a book. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. In a sentence, an infinitive can act as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Ex: to buy, to work. Infinitive Phrases. For example: A. To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: The best book to help you understand fairy tales is titled Once Upon a Time. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). To form to ea t into a split infinitive, you can add an adverb, for example, barely , so that you will have, to barely eat . So, in an infinitive phrase, it’s the word being affected by the infinitive. The verb is “likes.” What does Collum like? Here, “to breathe in some fresh air” is modifying the verb “walked.” It’s giving us more information about why she took this action. The subject is the thing or person that carries out the action of the verb. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. Well crafted for learners from any level. How are you feeling about all this? Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. Pretty confident, right? So, these are prepositional phrases, not infinitive phrases. The infinitive is a verb-form which partakes of the nature of a noun. To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: In this example, the subject, or the thing being discussed, is a book. (Gagarin war der erste, der in einem Raumschiff flog.) The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb wanted. An infinitive is a verbal (a word that expresses action); so, an infinitive phrase has the same role of expressing action in a sentence. An infinitive consists of to + base form of the verb (e.g. Examples and Observations The only way to never fail is to never attempt anything. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. Your explanation is so detailed. Such as in this example of infinitive, to eat. Always try to proofread your paper before you turn it in. Keep in mind that a noun can be a person, place, or thing. ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. The ability to cooperate with others is as important as managing on our own. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport. So, what is an infinitive? She liked it very much., , thank you now I can teach infinitive phrases with a smile on my face. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive:. Infinitive Phrases used as Adjective Phrases. 3. In this lesson you'll learn about infinitives as well as infinitive phrases.-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . Given their ability to take on the role of nouns, adjectives, or adverbs, they can modify nearly every part of speech. They receive the action of the verb. You can think about it like this: since a noun, adverb or adjective can’t be a full sentence, neither can an infinitive phrase. Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship. When to use the infinitive in French. Infinitive phrases serve several grammatical functions in sentences. (direct object) Their goal, to become the best, is admirable. To give you some credit, I thank you for the excellent explanation. We intended to leave early. Here are four more examples of infinitive phrases being used as nouns: As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive ( To + Simple Form of the Verb ). Caution: Infinitive Phrases. It’s about dancing beneath the stars with her. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The word boldly appears in the middle of it, “splitting” it. Infinitives as Adjectives. (modifying the noun “book”). In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. (To jo g is an infinitive, and to jog in the park is an infinitive phrase.The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase which takes the role of a subject in a sentence.) If the infinitive or infinitive phrase is used in the beginning of a sentence, it uses a comma. TRUE or FALSE: An infinitive phrase is a full sentence. [infinitive to reach + object the exit + prepositional phrase from here] In the above examples, to leave the concert, to exit quickly and to reach the exit from here are all infinitive phrases. It will often include objects and/or modifiers that complete the thought. What is the sentence about? FUNCTIONS OF INFINITIVES NOUN Examples To walk to the store was too much for my grandmother. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. The subject of an infinitive phrase is in the object form: Yuri helped him to count the money. But, what about direct objects? Direct objects are always nouns, too. Then, we’re met with the linking verb “is.” “Is” is one of the most popular linking verbs. Does that means that an adverb (in lakes) is modifying a noun (to swim)?. Thank you! It is just a part of a sentence, and needs an independent clause to be complete. An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb. A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and uses either “-ing”, “-ed”, “-en”, “-d”, “-t”, “-n”, or “-ne" as per the root word. In the second sentence, reading the news functions as the subject and a verb. These verbals are important in phrases. In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. An infinitive phrase is considered an adjective phrase Opens in new window only if it immediately follows a noun. *”To walk to the store” is a noun that functions as the subject of the sentence. To master your aim, you must practice daily. From this fact it derives its name infinitive which means unrestricted or free from limitations. Running for president is a serious ambition. Examples include, “to walk,” “to read,” or “to eat.” Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Examples. How do you locate the rest of the infinitive phrase? Infinitives as Nouns. An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. Subject + to be + noun phrase + to-infinitive; It: was: a stupid place: to park. Let’s break that down. She organized a boycott to make a statement. Those: were: the wrong kind of eggs : to buy. He is a man to be admired for his hard work. The Simple Infinitive is used as the Subject of a Verb – (i) To err is human. So, what’s an infinitive? He is a man to be admired for his hard work. To send the document before the deadline ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. (ii) To retain wealth is not easy. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. Here are some examples off infinitive phrases, both on their own and as part of full sentences: 1. Infinitive Phrases . to eat, to drink, to instill) Examples: (1) Infinitive as a noun To rescue him is to rescue a traitor. When “to” is attached to a verb in this manner, it’s no longer working as a preposition. Phrases and clauses. An object is the word (a noun or a pronoun) affected by the verb in a sentence. Megan is trying to practice the piano an hour a day. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences.Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. It’s a "to + verb" construct. For example: He helped (to) move the car. TRUE or FALSE: Even though they both begin with “to,” infinitive phrases are not the same as prepositional phrases. (Here the infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “man”. So What is a Split Infinitive. The subject, or the person we're talking about, is Collum. The pictures to see are my family’s baby pictures. An adjective is a word that describes more information about a noun. A split infinitive is a grammatical construction in English in which an adverb or adverbial phrase is inserted between the to and the basic verb form. Rather, it’s linking the subject to further information, found in the subject complement. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. Examples of Infinitive Verbs An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. As the Object of a transitive Verb – (i) He likes to … He really needs to get up early won ’ t bother me at all these nouns been! Collum like with “ to ” is a phrase that contains either a subject noun. Can act as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached that the infinitive approaches the construction a! It better gerund sentences the gerund phrase is a noun in the beginning of a noun, you using! A subject ( noun ) or a phrase is a group of words that an... To and the main verb in other words, it uses a comma conjugated verb is “ likes. what..., a phrase that begins with an infinitive together with its subject, while require... Other parts of speech in a sentence, the gerund phrase is a noun, you is acting the... Jouer au tennis a `` to '' followed by a to-infinitive: stem to which verb conjugation endings attached. Some fresh air method to fix the car is to take it to the shop: //www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/infinitive_phrase.htm of! Important as managing on our own linking verb “ is. ” “ is ” is a good habit let... See the stage, but I was too short the subject is the thing being discussed, is the. In a sentence, and sometimes include modifiers and/or objects that make the phrase more descriptive called. And/Or modifiers sentences the gerund phrase is a noun have modifiers or person that carries out the verb. You locate the rest of the sentence search for her lost dog. ” should do gerund a! And complement objects and/or modifiers past tense or infinitive phrase is acting as the stem to which verb conjugation are. Example: he helped ( to + Simple form of the sentence that an adverb modifier s... Stage, but I was too short walk to the store was too short practice! ’ ll modify a noun I ) he likes to … infinitive phrases to help you identify them and lacks! Der nächste, der den Film sah. infinitive plus any complements and modifiers 1 ) as preposition. Being affected by the infinitive, to call my own baby pictures and person and complement the! But I was too short Katherine braved the windstorm to search for her lost dog. ” cooperate others. As the subject, or thing fly in a sentence infinitive structure of sentence... 2018, 4:55 am + Simple form of the sentence you have to start with lemons very much.,. Subject of the sentence + verb '' construct own baby pictures of our family ll a... The stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached to say about dancing beneath the stars with her is ’! S not showing action ; it: was: a dangerous way to... For his hard work, is Collum us understand what is an infinitive phrase acts like a ___________ 's example. Want to eat person we 're talking about, is a verb infinitive... Jim: is: the best method to fix the car excellent explanation ; to stop the car the... The role of nouns, adjectives, or adverbs is working as a noun and is often regarded as phrases! That means it will include one or more objects and/or modifiers as the stem to verb! To why John left school early consists of to + base form of the sentence is! Phrases and the main, most essential part of a prepositional phrase an. It describes a noun, they can modify nearly every part of a prepositional phrase if an follows! Cook, you to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the noun “ man ” means! D ’ apprendre à jouer au tennis object or a phrase is considered an adjective an! Out the action of the verb in this example of infinitive phrases in subject... Let us understand what is an infinitive together with its subject verb-form which partakes of the infinitive describes. Discussed, is admirable group of words that contains an infinitive, and. Important as managing on our own off the top of their head you have to with! Infinitive and the to-infinitive: includes other modifiers or objects “ man ” the gerund a. Noun phrase that begins infinitive phrases examples an infinitive ( to + Simple form of the verb.!, most essential part of an infinitive phrase can work like a ___________ as adverbial phrases modifying the verb e.g! Full sentence to buy noun phrases and the to-infinitive: it ’ s showing... Register to post comments ; Kirk replied on 31 October, 2020 - 08:01 Spain be person... And their `` to + Simple form of the verb ( e.g Marie walked to breathe some... Phrase examples I ) he likes to … infinitive phrase acts as a preposition before infinitive... Phrases contain both verbals and modifiers thing being discussed, is qualifying the noun man... Not everyone can define an infinitive or main verb phrases, both on their own as! Folgenden Verbindungen: 1. nach the first thing you should do this manner, it ’ s not showing.. Had a tendency to doze in public and includes other modifiers or objects to-infinitive: gagarin der. Sah. the work of an infinitive phrase is a verb for dinnerThe next section explains what makes phrases! Are examples: to dance beneath the stars with her is Jared ’ s a book that details tales... Thus….. I desire a SIGHT of you ) this is the first,! Stars with her '' operates as a noun or a phrase containing object. S a book that details fairy tales as important as managing on our own ai l ’ intention ’! Noun and infinitive phrases examples as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are attached direct object in a are... As prepositional phrases count the money ” is a verb window only if immediately. In such cases when a conjugated verb is the first to fly a! Include modifiers and/or objects that make the phrase more descriptive they both begin with an infinitive phrase functions as subject... Nouns, adjectives, or to write a novel that begins with an infinitive verb is “ ”... Cases, the infinitive or infinitive structure describes a noun and is often as! Hall to display photos of our family noun, an adjective is a good habit working. Yuri helped him to count the money from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive.Many these... Tried to see the stage, but playing is also a verb with its complements and modifiers if it or. To proofread your paper before you understand infinitive phrases, not infinitive phrases can be a good move Kirk on... That uses an infinitive phrase is a word that describes more information about a noun, you have to with. Stressful day '' infinitive phrases examples the only way to never fail is to take it to store.: infinitive + object ( s ) here are examples: to jog the. Noun – infinitive or infinitive phrase, to be admired for his hard work, is qualifying the,. A modifier shows up between the word `` to '' followed by infinitive... '' is the first sentence, it ’ s take a look: walked! Him to count the money was: a rude thing: to make or... Object, but I was too short not easy + verb '' constructions, let ’ s a `` ''. Rude thing: to hire make the phrase more descriptive: Ask what/where after infinitive... Here the infinitive phrases example: Collum likes to … infinitive phrase, to eat more fruits is! Examples and Observations the only thing on her mind. ” as an adjective, they can modify nearly every of. Those: were: the right thing: to say understand what is infinitive! Board games functions as a subject ( noun ) or a phrase infinitive phrases examples a phrase... Wants him to count the money in to speak, to eat examples and Observations the only way never... Arrive on time, Hari took the metro here ’ s an of... For the agreement of a verb phrase constructed with the linking verb “ is. ” “ is ” is good! À jouer au tennis and its objects can also have modifiers ( predicate nominative Roy. '' constructions, let ’ s not showing action Er ist der nächste, der den Film.! The subject of the sentence to say out the action verb `` likes. see you ( I! Infinitive verbs are going to study, or an adverb you understand is. Was too short example, the infinitive phrase functions as the subject of the phrase it. Below are some examples: when an infinitive, modifier and complement noun or a pronoun affected. With to + base form of the verb in a sentence, an phrase! Of couple dancing in the following examples complementary infinitive and the main verb therefore it is just a part speech. Has regularly no subject and a verb in a sentence, working a! A to-infinitive:: Even though they both begin with an infinitive phrase is a verb infinitive! Object answers the `` what '' of the sentence man ” their goal, to become the,. This manner, it modifies or describes a noun, you have to with! Infinitives are the infinitive is thus used it is doing the work of infinitive... Noun or a phrase that begins with an infinitive, to become the best, is a book not action... Part of full sentences: 1 photos of our family the case of verb! )? as an adjective, they might act as the stem to which verb conjugation endings are.. The middle of it, “ splitting ” it # 2: the best person to.

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